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EnzyChrom™ Pyruvate Assay Kit


  • For quantitative determination of pyruvate and evaluation of drug effects on its metabolism.

Key Features

  • Sensitive and accurate. Use as little as 10 µL samples. Linear detection range in 96-well plate: 2 to 500 µM (17 µg/dL to 4.4 mg/dL) pyruvate for colorimetric assays and 0.2 to 50 µM for fluorimetric assays.
  • Simple and convenient. The procedure involves addition of a single working reagent and incubation for 30 min at room temperature, compatible for HTS assays.
  • Improved reagent stability. The optimized formulation has greatly enhanced the reagent and signal stability.


  • OD570nm, or FL530/585nm


  • Biological


  • All


  • 20 min


  • 100 tests

Detection Limit

  • OD, FL: 2, 0.2 µM

Shelf Life

  • 6 months

More Details

  • Pyruvate is a key intermediate in cellular metabolic pathways. Pyruvate can be converted to carbohydrates via gluconeogenesis, to fatty acids or energy through acetyl-CoA, to the amino acid alanine and to ethanol. Abnormal levels of pyruvate have been linked to liver diseases and metabolic disorders. Simple, direct and automation-ready procedures for measuring pyruvate concentrations find wide applications in research and drug discovery. BioAssay Systems pyruvate assay uses a single Working Reagent that combines pyruvate oxidase and hydrogen peroxide determination in one step. The color intensity of the reaction product at 570nm or fluorescence intensity at λex/em = 530/585nm is directly proportional to pyruvate concentration in the sample.

I would like to use the EnzyChrom pyruvate assay kit (EYPR-100) to determine pyruvate levels in cell culture medium containing phenol red and fetal bovine serum. Does this interfere in any way with the measurement?

Phenol red adds a background to the OD measurement that will vary with the pH of the medium. Pyruvate in FBS will also add a background to the measurement. In order to correct for those interferences you should add a separate control with unused medium +FBS and subtract that from all sample values or, you could also prepare the standard in the medium + FBS. To play it safe. Alternatively you can use serum-free medium without phenol red.

Ahn, SJ et al (2020). The pta-acka pathway regulates lrgab-mediated pyruvate uptake in streptococcus mutans. Microorganisms, 8(6). Assay: Pyruvate in streptococcus mutans extracellular supernatant.

Hussein, NA et al (2021). Liraglutide treatment and acylcarnitine profiles in Egyptian obese insulin-resistant females. European Journal of Pharmacology, 891, 173668. Assay: Pyruvate in human plasma.

Lopez-Cano, C et al (2020). Effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus on the hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha expression. Is there a relationship with the clock genes? Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(8). Assay: Pyruvate in human plasma.

Chao, CC et al (2019). Metabolic control of astrocyte pathogenic activity via cpla2-mavs. Cell, 179(7), 1483-1498.e22. Assay: Pyruvate in mouse mitochondria.

Ahn, SJ et al (2020). Regulation of cid and lrg expression by CodY in Streptococcus mutans. MicrobiologyOpen, 9(7), e1040. Assay: Pyruvate in streptococcus mutans extracellular supernatant.

Ahn, SJ et al (2020). Acetate and potassium modulate the stationary-phase activation of lrgab in streptococcus mutans. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11, 401. Assay: Pyruvate in streptococcus mutans extracellular supernatant.

Ahn, SJ et al (2020). Understanding lrgab regulation of streptococcus mutans metabolism. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11, 2119. Assay: Pyruvate in streptococcus mutans extracellular supernatant.

Choe, D., Lee, J. H., Yoo, M., Hwang, S., Sung, B. H., Cho, S., & Cho, B. K. (2019). Adaptive laboratory evolution of a genome-reduced Escherichia coli. Nature communications, 10(1), 935. Assay: Pyruvate in E.coli cell lysate.

Haouzi, P., McCann, M., Tubbs, N., Judenherc-Haouzi, A., Cheung, J., & Bouillaud, F. (2019). Antidotal Effects of the Phenothiazine Chromophore Methylene Blue Following Cyanide Intoxication. Toxicological Sciences,170(1):82-94 Assay: Pyruvate in rat serum.

Yanase, S., Yasuda, K., & Ishii, N. (2019). Monitoring Age-Related Changes in the Lactate/Pyruvate ratio Using a Colorimetric Assay in a C. elegans Model of Increased Life Span. In Pre-Clinical Models (pp. 123-132). humana Press, New York, NY. Assay: Pyruvate in C. elegans tissue.

Narain, N. R., & McCook, J. P. (2018). Methods for treatment of oncological disorders using an epimetabolic shifter (coenzyme Q10). U.S. Patent No. 9,896,731. Assay: Pyruvate in enzyme cells.

Schoenrogge, M., Kerndl, H., Zhang, X., Kumstel, S., Vollmar, B., & Zechner, D. (2018). alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamate impairs pancreatic cancer cells by stimulating the p38 signaling pathway. Cellular signalling, 47, 101-108. Assay: Pyruvate in murine pancreatic cells.

Das, C., Wang, G., Sun, Q., & Ledden, B. (2017). Multiplexed and fully automated detection of metabolic biomarkers using microdialysis probe. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 238, 633-640. Assay: Pyruvate in raw chemical.

Yanase, S., Suda, H., Yasuda, K., & Ishii, N. (2017). Impaired p53/CEP-1 is associated with lifespan extension through an age-related imbalance in the energy metabolism of C. elegans. Genes to Cells, 22(12), 1004-1010. Assay: Pyruvate in C. elegans tissue.

Zhao, C., Lin, Z., Dong, H., Zhang, Y., & Li, Y. (2017). Reexamination of the physiological role of PykA in Escherichia coli revealed that it negatively regulates the intracellular ATP levels under anaerobic conditions. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 83(11), e00316-17. Assay: Pyruvate in E.coli cell lysate.

Yasid, N. A., Rolfe, M. D., Green, J., & Williamson, M. P. (2016). Homeostasis of metabolites in Escherichia coli on transition from anaerobic to aerobic conditions and the transient secretion of pyruvate. Royal Society open science, 3(8), 160187. Assay: Pyruvate in E.coli cell lysate.

Chen, X et al (2015). Terazosin activated Pgk1 and Hsp90 to promote stress resistance. Nat Chem Biol. 11(1):19-25. Assay: Pyruvate in fly cells.

Cui Z, Gao N, Wang Q, Ren Y, Wang K, Zhu T (2015). BcMctA, a putative monocarboxylate transporter, is required for pathogenicity in Botrytis cinerea. Curr Genet.61(4):545-53. Assay: Pyruvate in hyphae tissue.

Cajuday, LA (2014). Carbohydrate Uptake in Water Buffalo Cumulus-OocyteComplexes (COCs) Supplemented with RetinoicAcid During In Vitro Maturation. Philippine Journal of Science. 143(1): 43-48. Assay: Pyruvate in water buffalo ovary cells.

Verma MK et al (2014). Integrated analysis of chronic lipotoxicity on muscle metabolism and stress and its reversal by antioxidants. Springerplus 3: 251. Assay: Pyruvate in human cell lysate.

Wu J et al (2014). Pyruvate-associated acid resistance in bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol. 80(14):4108-13. Assay: Pyruvate in E. coli cells.

Fong, JE et al (2013). Moderate excess of pyruvate augmentsosteoclastogenesis. Biol Open. 2(4):387-95. Assay: Pyruvate in mice serum.

Yasid, NAB (2013). Metabolite analysis of Escherichia coli in response to changes in oxygen levels. Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology,The University of Sheffield. Assay: Pyruvate in E. coli cells.

Darekar S, Georgiou K, Yurchenko M, Yenamandra SP, Chachami G, Simos G, Klein G, Kashuba E (2012). Epstein-Barr virus immortalization of human B-cells leads to stabilization of hypoxia-induced factor 1 alpha, congruent with the Warburg effect. PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e42072. Assay: Pyruvate in human cells.

Park MR, Baek SH, de Los Reyes BG, Yun SJ, Hasenstein KH (2012). Transcriptome profiling characterizes phosphate deficiency effects on carbohydrate metabolism in rice leaves. J Plant Physiol.169(2):193-205. Assay: Pyruvate in plant leaves.

Methods for treatment of oncological disorders using an epimetabolic shifter (coenzyme q10). US Patent Appl. 20110027247. Assay: Pyruvate in mouse cell.

Narain NR et al (2011). Methods For The Diagnosis Of Metabolic Disorders Using Epimetabolic Shiftersus Patent Applus 2011/0123986 A1. Assay: Pyruvate in human cell.

Sarangarajan, R. et al. (2011). Methods For Treatment Of A Sarcoma Using An Epimetabolic Shifter (Coenzyme Q10). US 2011/0064747 A1. Assay: Pyruvate in human cell.

To find more recent publications, please click here.

If you or your labs do not have the equipment or scientists necessary to run this assay, BioAssay Systems can perform the service for you.

– Fast turnaround
– Quality data
– Low cost

Please email or call 1-510-782-9988 x 2 to request assay service.


For orders of 10 or more kits, please call +1-510-782-9988×1 or email us for best pricing and/or bulk order.

Orders are shipped the same day if placed by 2pm PST
Shipping: On Ice
Carrier: Fedex
Delivery: 1-2 days (US), 3-6 days (Intl)
Storage: -20°C upon receipt

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